If you’re one of the many people who have a peperomia plant, you
may be wondering how often to water it and what other care is necessary.
You’re in luck because this article will answer all of those
questions and more. Keep reading for information on everything from watering frequency to propagating new plants.
Peperomia: The Basics
What is peperomia?
Peperomia plants are members of the Piperaceae family, including black pepper. They’re native to Central America and South America, but they can be found in most tropical climates.
At one point, more than 1,000 species were identified within
this genus. It’s unclear what the exact number is now due to reclassification by botanists during various revisions of this plant group.
The peperomia that you will likely come into contact with at
your local nursery or garden center is classified as Peperomia obtusifolia.
This subspecies has green leaves with red stems and highlights around the edges of the leaves.
Peperomia are small, low growing plants that usually stay
between 4 and 10 inches high.
What do peperomia look like?
Peperomia plants produce thick stems that grow upright, but they can often be found cascading over the sides of pots.
The leaves are usually shiny and smooth or glossy, with a slight
rubbery or leathery texture. They tend to look quite similar to one
another, which has led to confusion among novice gardeners who aren’t sure what plant they have.
How long will last peperomia last?
If cared for properly, peperomia plants can live quite a long time. Some estimates indicate they have lifespans of 10 years or longer.
That said, many people tend to throw their peperomia away
without realizing its true potential for longevity.
How fast do peperomia grow?
As stated above, peperomia plants tend to grow quite slowly. They also
spread out rather than grow tall. This means that you can easily control their size by keeping them in a small pot or container for years at a time.
What are the types of peperomia?
The most common type of peperomia are:
These peperomia are the most common types you’ll likely encounter in your local garden center or nursery. They have green leaves with dark red edges and stems, making them quite attractive to the eye.
Watermelon peperomia (Peperomia sandersii)
These peperomia plants produce green leaves with
red-pink veins and pink highlights on the edges, reminiscent of their namesake. This color combination makes them very distinct from other types of this plant. They’re also known for having a unique leaf shape like a watermelon slice than traditional oval.
The common name of Peperomia deppeana×quadrifolia, sometimes known as Peperomia Hope, refers to the fact that it is a hybrid of two different Peperomia plants. This plant comes from Central and South America, and it thrives in higher levels of water and humidity.
Peperomia frost have a very distinct look, with a soft white sheen on their leaves and a waxy feel. This gives them an almost sparkly appearance when the light hits them. They’re also unique because they produce red stems and veins in the leaf, making them even more eye-catching.
Raindrop peperomia (Peperomia obtusifolia)
This type of peperomia is named for its round, oval leaves and the tiny
white dots that look like raindrops.
Watering and Growing your peperomia
How often to water peperomia?
Peperomia should be watered every 1-2 weeks. The plant will need
to be watered more frequently in warm weather / bright light and less
frequently in cooler weather / less light.
How do I know when peperomia need more water?
Peperomia are sensitive to over-watering, so it’s essential to
pay attention to the soil before giving them any supplemental H2O.
Start by taking off the top layer of potting mix and checking
the moisture level underneath. If the soil is parched, give your
peperomia some water right away. Hold off on watering
until the next day if it’s still moist.
How to water peperomia?
A good rule of thumb is to slowly pour water over the top of the
soil until it starts to drain out the bottom. If you plan to use a container
with no drainage holes, make sure that you set it in a tray or dish large
enough for excess water to collect without harming any nearby surfaces.
How much water to give peperomia?
An excellent way to ensure you’re using the right amount of water is by picking up your pot and feeling how heavy it is. Fill slowly, checking the weight until it becomes light as a feather before pouring any more water.
What kind of soil do peperomia need?
Peperomia plants tend to do best in loose, well-draining soil.
This allows them to stay moist but not waterlogged.
What kind of fertilizer do peperomia need?
It’s best to fertilize your peperomia plant with a diluted, organic version of all-purpose plant food.
How much sunlight do peperomia need?
Peperomia need a lot of bright light to stay healthy, but they also adapt
well to low-light conditions. Many varieties can thrive in 40% or less of full sunlight.
What is the best temperature for growing peperomia?
Peperomia are tropical plants, so the ideal temperature range is about
50-90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Pruning and Propagating your peperomia
How often do I have to trim the peperomia plant?
In general, you don’t have to trim your peperomia plant very
frequently. The best time is after it’s finished blooming and new leaves start growing. If the stem becomes long and bare, use sharp pruning shears (or scissors) to cut off 1-2 inches about an inch below where you want the new growth.
How to repot peperomia?
To repot a peperomia plant:
1. Remove the potting soil from the top of the rootball and gently fluff it out.
2. Look for roots growing along the bottom of your container, then snip them as close to the main stem as possible.
3. Use a clean knife or pruning shears to trim away any damaged or dead roots.
4. Repot into a larger container using fresh potting soil, making sure to cover all exposed roots completely.
The best pot for peperomia?
Peperomia plants do best in shallow pots with a width and depth of 5-7
How to prune peperomia?
Here’s how to prune a peperomia in three steps:
1. Locate the stem that is growing up the wall of your pot or
2. Cut off all other stems 1-2 inches below where you want the
new growth to be located, using sharp pruning shears (or scissors).
3. Clean your knife or pruning shears in a bowl of water and a
few drops of household bleach after every cut to prevent spreading disease from plant to plant.
Where to cut peperomia?
It’s best to cut a peperomia stem about one inch below where you want the new growth to begin.
How to propagate watermelon peperomia?
Watermelon peperomia are easy to propagate, making them
excellent for indoor container gardening. Cut the stem on an angle just below a node (the place where the leaf is attached). Dip the cut end in rooting hormone, then poke it into moist soilless potting mix. Keep it out of direct sunlight and wait for new growth to appear.
How to propagate peperomia obtusifolia?
Peperomia obtusifolia are one of the easiest plants to propagate.
Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut three inches from an existing branch. Dip the severed end in rooting hormone, then place it in moist soilless potting mix. Cover with a clear plastic bag and wait for new roots to appear.
How to propagate peperomia hope?
Peperomia is one of the simplest plants to grow from seed.
Remove three inches from an existing branch with a sharp knife or
pruning shears. After that, place the cutoff end in rooting hormone and moist soilless potting mix. Cover with a transparent bag and wait for new roots to develop over time.
How to propagate peperomia frost?
Peperomia frost is an easy plant to propagate. All you need to
do is place the plant in a pot, fill it with soil and let it grow.
How to propagate raindrop peperomia?
Raindrop peperomia can be propagated by dividing the stem.
Problems with your peperomia
Why are my peperomia dying?
If you’re wondering why your peperomia is dying, then consider the
following possible reasons:
– You’ve been watering too frequently.
– The leaves are dusty, which signals over-watering.
– Your plant doesn’t have enough sunlight.
– Overcrowded roots are preventing good aeration.
– Insects of all types are chomping at the leaves.
What is peperomia plant root rot?
Root rot occurs when there isn’t enough water to sustain the
roots, so they die out and decay. Symptoms look like dark spots or mold on new leaves.
If you suspect your peperomia has root rot, gently pull it out of its
container and check for any signs of dead roots underneath along the sides or bottom. If you find dry, brown roots that are crumbling to the touch, it’s too late to save your plant. You’ll need to remove all of the
potting soil from the rootball and repot it into a fresh, sterile potting mix.
Why is my peperomia rotting?
One of the most common causes of rotten peperomia plants is
over-watering. If the soil stays wet for long periods, it can develop root rot. However, keep in mind that under-watering can cause as many problems as overwatering. Other causes include improper drainage and overcrowded roots that prevent air circulation.
How to treat root rot in peperomia?
Peperomia root rot is one of the most common dilemmas with
indoor container gardening. The best defense against root rot is to keep your plant well ventilated so it doesn’t remain constantly wet. If you suspect your plant may be suffering from root rot, use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut off about an inch above where the affected area begins. Next, clean your tools in a bowl of water and bleach after every cut. Then repot into fresh potting soil before returning the plant indoors.
Why is my peperomia dropping leaves?
Your peperomia may be dropping leaves because it’s growing too slowly.
This often happens in extremely small pots. Also, if the humidity levels
inside your home are too low or there aren’t enough light sources available, your plant will become stressed and eventually drop leaves.
Why are my peperomia turning brown?
When leaves are over-watered, they tend to turn brown or yellow. However, this is not always the case. The most likely culprits are inadequate light or insufficient humidity levels in the environment, which cause your plant to become stressed out.
Why are my peperomia turning yellow?
If your peperomia turns yellow, it’s probably a sign of stress. Poor
light and improper watering are the most likely causes. Cut off any leaves that have turned yellow, and up your lighting to see if this helps.
Why are my peperomia wilting?
In some cases, peperomia leaves may wilt completely. This usually happens when the plant is too cold. Take it out of the cold spot and see if that solves the problem.
How to revive my peperomia?
If you notice your peperomia looking shriveled and wilted, don’t worry. It
probably won’t take much to revive it. The first thing you should do is check the soil for moisture – if it’s still wet, tap gently on the side of its pot.
Suppose the soil feels dry, mist with a spray bottle of water from the bottom up. In most cases, this will perk your plant right back up
Peperomia are tough plants that thrive in most environments. But
like any plant, they need some TLC to survive and grow up strong. If you’re feeling lost about how to take care of your peperomia, this article is for you.
Whether you’re a beginner or an expert who’s looking for tips on how to
propagate your peperomia at home. The best thing to do is get started and be attentive.